Interessante report che fotografa l'evoluzione dell'occupazione femminile e materna, negli Stati Uniti. Un'analisi di genere dettagliata nel mercato del lavoro con numeri e figure sull'occupazione materna che sarebbe utile "spacchettare" ed analizzare anche in Italia. Per poter poi studiare misure organiche ad hoc. Da pagina 7 c'è proprio un capitolo dedicato all' "unemployment of working mothers". Scarica Women’s Employment During the Recovery. Da leggere e mandare in CC all'Istat.
Si legge per esempio che " In 2010, there were 23.2 million working moms, down from 25.2 mil- lion in 2007. The number of working moms had been rising from 2004 to 2007, but then declined during the reces- sion and the year that followed it. In 2004, 66.5 percent of moms worked and 67.8 percent did in 2007, but only 64.4 percent were employed in 2010" .
C'è poi un'attenta analisi dell'occupazione materna in base all'età die figli – dati che in Italia non è possible trovare: "Mothers with young children are less likely to work than those with older children. In 2010, 57.0 percent of moms with a child under 6 years old worked; 71 percent of these moms held a full-time job. Among moms with kids aged 6 to 17 in the home (but none younger than 6), 70.5 percent worked, about three quarters of whom were employed full time.
While the unemployment rate among women is lower than that among men, that is not the case among parents."
E c'è anche un confronto tra l'occupazione della mamma e quella del papà all'interno del nucleo famigliare: "In 2007, the unemployment rate for moms was 4.6 percent compared to only 2.8 percent for dads. Unemployment rose among both moms and dads in the ensuing years and in 2010, 9.0 percent of moms and 7.5 percent of dads were unemployed. Women without children under 18 had a 4.4 percent unemployment rate in 2007 (compared to 5.7 percent for men) and in 2010 the unemployment rate was 8.4 percent (compared to 12.0 percent for men). Moms with children under 6 years old continue to face higher unemployment rates (10.8 percent in 2010) than do moms with children aged 6 to 17 years old (7.8 percent in 2010)."